Out of all the different moral issues present in the list, I personally consider divorce as the most relevant issue as it is one of the biggest moral dilemmas being faced by Philippine society today. As it is commonly known, the Philippines is perhaps the only country left in the world that does facilitate divorce, and so it has stirred up quite a number of arguments from sides either for or against it.
Personally, I see divorce as a neutral act. My reasoning for categorizing divorce as such is that although divorce does not violate any societal norms or cause any apparent harm to any individual or group, it cannot be viewed as a moral act since it is not an act that people should dutifully attempt to fulfill as doing so does not bring about any social good.
With regards to the acts sinfulness, I honestly believe that there are numerous instances wherein divorce does not classify as a sinful, or even an immoral act. Although there is usually adequate knowledge and freedom involved when getting divorced, this act does not usually cause any adequate or known harm to the individuals getting divorced and the people around them. While some may argue that the children or other family members might be negatively affected, it should be noted that trading the couple compromising their already strained relationship in order to keep these parties content is a form of utilitarianism. And by being utilitarian, the couple not only endure further difficulties, but their strained relationship may also prove to harm those around them in the long run, thus eliminating any good that can be derived from this compromise.
However there are also many instances wherein divorce may be a sinful action, as a person may simply use it to harm another. For instance, there have been numerous occasions wherein certain people agree to marry another person only to benefit financially from their partner and to be able to claim a substantial portion of their partners assets when they become legally separated. Also, divorce may also be a form of compromise/utilitarianism that couple’s choose to take in order to avoid any large issues so they do not have to face them anymore.
Based on my views on divorce above, I see myself as a evaluativist, as I was able to consider the generally concept of divorce, and reconcile it with particular instances in order to arrive at a decision regarding an action’s morality/rightness or wrongness. Furthermore, I consider myself as a moral evaluativist since I am able to temper my own personal observations and reasoning with the teachings of various authority figures.
If a friend were to approach me about his inquiries regarding the morality/ rightness or wrongness of divorce, I would tell him that in general divorce is a morally neutral act as it does not cause any immediate harm or good to any individual or group. I would also tell him to consider the particular circumstance he is currently in. If his marriage is currently acting as a source of harm to him and others, then he should terminate it so as to prevent causing further harm. However, if he is simply seeking to get a divorce to personally suit himself or another party then I would advise him that he has no basis to get a divorce as this course of action may cause harm in a situation where there was none to begin with. However, if he is one the fence, then I would suggest that he follow the roads of caution, suspicion and reason. With this, he can use his reason the help determine the rightness or wrongness of his act, and then he can further strengthen his rational conclusion with his emotion and perhaps the other ways of knowing. If he is unsure if his decision is simply an excuse to avoid pain and gain pleasure then I will tell him he should cast some suspicion in his motive and once again utilize his reason to come up with a decision. If he is still unable to come up with a decision, then I believe that he should follow the road of caution and simply assume the action is wrong. Ultimately however, I will tell him that he should act based on what his conscience tells him is right and be prepared to live with the consequences of the said decision.