An Exercise in Moral Reasoning

Out of all the different moral issues present in the list, I personally consider divorce as the most relevant issue as it is one of the biggest moral dilemmas being faced by Philippine society today. As it is commonly known, the Philippines is perhaps the only country left in the world that does facilitate divorce, and so it has stirred up quite a number of arguments from sides either for or against it.

Personally, I see divorce as a neutral act. My reasoning for categorizing divorce as such is that although divorce does not violate any societal norms or cause any apparent harm to any individual or group, it cannot be viewed as a moral act since it is not an act that people should dutifully attempt to fulfill as doing so does not bring about any social good. 

With regards to the acts sinfulness, I honestly believe that there are numerous instances wherein divorce does not classify as a sinful, or even an immoral act. Although there is usually adequate knowledge and freedom involved when getting divorced, this act does not usually cause any adequate or known harm to the individuals getting divorced and the people around them. While some may argue that the children or other family members might be negatively affected, it should be noted that trading the couple compromising their already strained relationship in order to keep these parties content is a form of utilitarianism. And by being utilitarian, the couple not only endure further difficulties, but their strained relationship may also prove to harm those around them in the long run, thus eliminating any good that can be derived from this compromise. 

However there are also many instances wherein divorce may be a sinful action, as a person may simply use it to harm another. For instance, there have been numerous occasions wherein certain people agree to marry another person only to benefit financially from their partner and to be able to claim a substantial portion of their partners assets when they become legally separated. Also, divorce may also be a form of compromise/utilitarianism that couple’s choose to take in order to avoid any large issues so they do not have to face them anymore.

Based on my views on divorce above, I see myself as a evaluativist, as I was able to consider the generally concept of divorce, and reconcile it with particular instances in order to arrive at a decision regarding an action’s morality/rightness or wrongness. Furthermore, I consider myself as a moral evaluativist since I am able to temper my own personal observations and reasoning with the teachings of various authority figures.

If a friend were to approach me about his inquiries regarding the morality/ rightness or wrongness of divorce, I would tell him that in general divorce is a morally neutral act as it does not cause any immediate harm or good to any individual or group. I would also tell him to consider the particular circumstance he is currently in. If his marriage is currently acting as a source of harm to him and others, then he should terminate it so as to prevent causing further harm. However, if he is simply seeking to get a divorce to personally suit himself or another party then I would advise him that he has no basis to get a divorce as this course of action may cause harm in a situation where there was none to begin with. However, if he is one the fence, then I would suggest that he follow the roads of caution, suspicion and reason. With this, he can use his reason the help determine the rightness or wrongness of his act, and then he can further strengthen his rational conclusion with his emotion and perhaps the other ways of knowing. If he is unsure if his decision is simply an excuse to avoid pain and gain pleasure then I will tell him he should cast some suspicion in his motive and once again utilize his reason to come up with a decision. If he is still unable to come up with a decision, then I believe that he should follow the road of caution and simply assume the action is wrong. Ultimately however, I will tell him that he should act based on what his conscience tells him is right and be prepared to live with the consequences of the said decision.



Genetically Modified Food

I personally have nothing against consuming genetically modified organisms because they do more good than they do harm. For example, I know that certain genetically modified food products have had their nutritional value boosted by the altering of their genes. I believe that this trait of genetically modified food will allow people to become better nourished. Also, genetically modified organisms can also have a higher yield than their unmodified counterparts. This not only maximizes the resources and energy we spend producing food, but it can also help reduce food’s overall cost. Finally, I believe that GMOs are a very good source of food because they are also better for the environment in a way. By maximizing the resources needed in growing food, less energy is needed to manufacture food and less waste is produced. 

Kropek Blog 1



While cooking kropek in class last Friday, I noticed that the oil used to fry the kropek has a very profound effect  on its taste. For example, I noticed that Canola and Corn oil helped make the kopek more savory, while coconut oil helped give the kropek a little sweetness. Also, I noticed that some oils produced very similar tastes. This may be attributed to the fact that these oils may possess the same degree of saturation/unsaturation. 


Out of all the oils, I preferred the effect coconut oil had on the kropek because it had the greatest effect on its flavor.

CLE Worksheet (Reason, Faith and Morality)

Food Chemistry Blog #2

Perhaps one of the biggest problems we are currently facing with regards to food is malnutrition. It can be seen that malnutrition has a very devastating impact since an improper balance of nutrients in the body will generally cause people to become unhealthy and more prone to various ailments and maladies.


Chemistry can help combat this problem since nutrients can be added by food chemists in the manufacture of certain foodstuffs. For example, iron and protein can be added to flavored corn chips in order to increase their nutritional value.


Another problem we are currently facing is the rapid spoilage of food. This problem is currently very severe since several tons of food go to waste everyday due spoilage.


However, chemistry can prove to solve this dilemma. By utilizing chemistry to slow down the rate of reaction of spoilage, chemist’s will be able to prolong the shelf life of many food stuffs.

Food Chem Blog #1

What is Food?) 

Food can be seen to be any nutritious substance that is consumed by living organisms in order to grow and maintain regular biological functions.

 What is considered as normal food and what is not?

 Perhaps nay substance that is commercially available and readily consumed by a large group of people from different social backgrounds can be considered as “normal” food. Also, normal food can be classified as nourishment that is prohibited or held taboo by any conventional/institutionalized beliefs.

 Why do people think some food are weird?

I believe that people consider the various kinds of food on the list peculiar because they are sourced from organisms/parts of organisms which are not commonly used as food and consumed. Furthermore, most people find consuming those dishes as weird and taboo because they have unusual features, such as a pungent smell, an exotic texture or an unappetizing appearance.

 5 Weirdest Foods 

a) Balut

b) Fish Eyes

c) Insects

d) Sheep Brains

e) Horseshoe Crab

VC Reflection

During the days leading up to last Thursday’s video conference, I was not quite sure what to expect from our Lebanese partners. Although I had done a little reading on our VC partner’s school and on Lebanon, I was still a little anxious because I was not quite sure on how to have a truly fruitful discussion with the student’s from St. Joseph’s considering that they come from a totally different socio-cultural background. 

On the day of the VC, there was a slight sense of awkwardness between all the participants. However, a short ice breaker, courtesy of Mr. Ian Jamison, got the ball rolling and we quickly began to discuss relevant issues with our counterparts from St. Josephs. The first thing we talked about was how our school life impacted us and our faith. I learned from the students at St. Joseph’s that their Christian education helped them become more conscientious and caring members of society, who strove to become the best that they could be. As the VC progressed, I was able to notice more and more similarities between Xaverians and the students at St. Joseph’s. I learned that like us, they sought to let their light shine, by striving the best that they could be in all aspects of their life. Furthermore, I also discovered that they utilized their faith as a weighing scale of sorts to help balance out the various deeds and choices they come across over the course of their everyday lives.  But most importantly, I learned that despite our large socio-cultural differences, we were all human beings who strived for the same things: happiness, success and a healthy relationship with God.

All in all, I found the VC with St. Joseph’s to be rather thought-provoking and insightful. Through this VC I was able to learn to appreciate the role faith plays in my life, as well as in the lives of others.